India submits Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD)

India submitted its Sixth National Report (NR6) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The report was submitted online to the CBD Secretariat by the Union Environment Minister, Dr. HarshVardhan, during the inaugural session of the 13th National Meeting of the State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) organized by the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), New Delhi. The Minister also released the document ‘Progress on India’s National Biodiversity Targets A Preview’ on the occasion.

Key Highlights

  • India already achieved two targets and was on track to achieve another eight soon. The remaining two would be met by the stipulated time of 2020.
  • The biodiversity is facing increasing pressure on account of habitat fragmentation and destruction, invasive alien species, pollution, climate change and over-use of resources globally, India is one of the few countries where forest cover is on the rise, with its forests teeming with wildlife.
  • India has done well in raising awareness about biodiversity.
  • India is a megadiverse country harbouring nearly 7 to 8 per cent of globally recorded species while supporting 18 per cent of the global human population on a mere 2.4 per cent of the worlds land area. India’s is pursuing its economic development by maintaining the integrity of its natural capital through various programmes and strategies.
  • India has adopted measures for sustainable management of agriculture, fisheries and forests, with a view to ensure food and nutritional security to all without destroying the natural resource base while ensuring intergenerational environmental equity.
  • India has put programmes in place to maintain genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farms livestock and their wild relatives, towards minimising genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity
  • Mechanisms and enabling environment are being created for recognising and protecting the vast heritage of coded and oral traditional knowledge relating to biodiversity for larger human welfare while safeguarding the interests and rights of the local communities as creators and holders of this knowledge.
  • India is investing a huge amount on biodiversity directly or indirectly through several development schemes of the Central and state governments which is to the tune of Rs 70,000 crore per annum as against the estimated annual requirement of nearly Rs 1,09,000 crore.