Lok Sabha passes DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill

The Lok Sabha passed the DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019. The bill seeks to provide regulation for the use and application of DNA technology for the purpose of establishing the identity of a certain category of persons including the victims, offenders, suspects, under trials, missing persons and others. The main objective behind the enactment of the bill is to expand the application of DNA-based forensic technologies to support and strengthen the justice delivery system of the country. The use of DNA based technologies for solving crimes and to identify missing persons is well recognized across the world.

Key Highlights

  • DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill provides for mandatory accreditation and regulation of DNA laboratories.
  • It seeks to ensure that with the proposed expanded use of this technology in the country, there is also the assurance that the DNA test results are reliable and the data remain protected from misuse or abuse in terms of the privacy rights of the country’s citizens.
  • The bill also seeks to ensure speedier justice delivery and increased conviction rate. It also seeks to establish a National DNA Data Bank and Regional DNA Data Banks.
  • The bill’s provisions will enable cross-matching between persons who have been reported missing on one hand and unidentified dead bodies found in various parts of the country on the other. It will help in establishing the identity of victims in mass disasters.