Russia Launches Soyuz-2.1b Carrier Rocket
Russia launched a Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket from the Plesetsk space center to orbit a Glonass-M satellite. The Space Forces of the Aerospace Forces successfully launched a middle-class Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket with a navigation Glonass-M spacecraft. The middle-class Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket launched from the Plesetsk space center successfully put the Russian navigation Glonass-M spacecraft to the designated orbit. A satellite producer Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems reported that the signal interfaces control document for GLONASS.
- Russia launched a Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket.
- From the Plesetsk space center to orbit a Glonass-M satellite.
- The Plesetsk space center successfully put the Russian navigation Glonass-M spacecraft to the designated orbit.
- The Glonass network provides real-time positioning data for surface, sea and airborne objects around the globe, at an accuracy.
The developed in Soviet-era navigation system GLONASS was intended to become operational in 1995, the same year that the US launched its GPS, but due to lack of funding the system was put on hold. In the early 2000s, however, the system’s restoration was launched and by 2011 the full constellation of satellites was reestablished.
GLONASS is a space-based satellite navigation system operating in the radio navigation-satellite service. It provides an alternative to GPS and is the second navigational system in operation with global coverage and of comparable precision. Manufacturers of GPS navigation devices say that adding GLONASS made more satellites available to them, meaning positions can be fixed more quickly and accurately, especially in built-up areas where the view to some GPS satellites is obscured by buildings. It is also more suitable for use in high latitudes. Development of GLONASS began in the Soviet Union in 1976. Beginning on 12 October 1982, numerous rocket launches added satellites to the system until the constellation was completed in 1995. After a decline in capacity during the late 1990s, in 2001, under Vladimir Putin’s presidency, the restoration of the system was made a top government priority and funding was substantially increased. GLONASS is the most expensive program of the Russian Federal Space Agency, consuming a third of its budget in 2010.